The carpet as we know it today, has been with us for years, and to begin with it was something that was produced for personal use, to provide warmth and protection in the tents in which people lived. The technique of knotting and weaving carpets has developed over the years and the motifs became more and more detailed. It was nevertheless still a unique handicraft for private use.
In the 19th century, as industrialism gained momentum, the loom was also being developed, becoming more and more automated. This meant that more industrialised rug production could begin and in England, machine-knotted rugs were being produced on a major scale, in places like Axminster and Wilton, which is also the origin of these famous carpet types. Over the years, production techniques have become more sophisticated and today most rugs on the market are machine-knotted.
Today’s machine-knotted rugs are of a high quality and a lot of the time it requires a trained eye to see the difference between a hand-knotted carpet and one produced mechanically. If you were to point out the biggest difference, it would be that machine-knotted rugs lack the soul behind the artwork that hand-knotted carpets have.